Discussion of women’s bodies has been a taboo subject that has survived for generations and even today in the twenty-first century, the subject still creates fears, insecurities, and misconceptions in much of the world´s population. It is extremely important to learn about how our bodies work and how are they structured, because only then we will know how to relate to our bodies, how to take care of them, and even more, understand ourselves.
The ovary is the gland responsible for the production of female sex hormones and ovules. In the pelvic cavity there are two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus, connected through the fallopian tubes.
The ovum is the female sexual cell released monthly by one of the ovaries in order to be fertilized by a sperm. It is one of the largest cells in the body.
The fallopian tubes are two muscular ducts that connect the ovaries with the uterus. Each one is approximately 4 inches long. It is here where the ovule is fertilized with the sperm.
The uterus is the organ of the female reproductive system where most of the pregnancy process occurs. It is characterized for being a hollow body, shaped like a pear, where the egg is implanted and the fetus develops. The fallopian tubes connect to the upper part of the uterus and the cervix at the lower end connects with the vagina.
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects with the vaginal canal. The sperm can pass through it into the uterus looking for fertilization. The cervix allows bleeding from menstruation to go down into the vagina.
Endomtrium is a mucous membrane that covers the inside of the uterus. During the menstrual cycle it thickens in preparation of a possible implantation of an embryo. This lining is renewed in each menstrual cycle. If there is no fertilization, the endometrium disintegrates and is expelled from the body through menstruation.
Women have a thin and elastic membrane at the entrance of the vagina called a hymen. It usually has a hole that allows menstruation to be expelled from the body, however depending on the body of each woman the hymen can have different forms. Some are more closed than others, some have small holes, while others are completely open. The hymen is a very fragile tissue that can be easily stretched either with a tampon, a menstrual cup, with sexual penetration, or even by non-sexual activities.
The clitoris is the female organ of sexual pleasure, equivalent to the penis in men in terms of their pleasure functions, but not the reproductive ones. The two organs have very similar physical characteristics: they both have a glans at the end (the point that is visible), are erectile, and have a protective skin layer (cap). The clitoris size is bigger than what we generally believe. It is not just a point above the urethra, it is an organ that extends internally and measures about four inches.